Ladakh is globally famous for its apricots. However, the shelf life of the fruit is very short and the farmers are deprived of good financial returns due to absence of any modern apricot fruit-processing technologies adopted so far. The farmers continue with the age old sun drying of apricot fruits, which is not market friendly as the quality of the fruit deteriorates considerably. The latest Freeze drying technology to produce fully or semi dried fruits would retain color nutrients taste etc. while the moisture content is reduced as per the market requirement. Besides, various other products could be produced with the latest processing technologies so that farmers get the maximum returns from their produce.
Besides the region, which is separated by 350 kms wide Himalaya range, makes it an ideal place for seed production of various crops like oilseeds, pulses, cereals and vegetables. There is a total isolation from the main-land. Weeds pests and cross genes are kept at bay by this physical barrier leading to the production of true to type seeds of various crops.
Utilize Hydro-seeding & other technologies to produce enough fodder in Changthang, Nyoma & other areas and develop a large population of sheep, goats ( Pashmina) & cattle.
HORTICULTURE, AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY:
In-house cultivation of Vegetables on reasonably large areas, both open field & green houses to supply enough quantities, year round for the processing plant – Freeze drying, Ready-to-Eat, Ready-to-Cook, & Fresh (Value added) washed, cleaned, cut & hygienically packed, for the local civilian & defence markets and also for export to other states.
The MOU signed with LAHDC is for about 1000 hectares of wasteland to be developed by our Ladakh Farmers & Producers Cooperative Ltd.. The pilot project for the initial 2 years was started in 2016, which was a big success. About 50 hectares have been brought under crop cultivation first time in thousands of years, at this location. The crops grown in 2017 were: Canola type Mustard –Breeder & certified seed ( PM 30), Hybrid Maize, Hybrid Wheat, Sunflower, a few fodder crops, Rajma, Peas, Lobia ( Kidney beans ) several types of local & outside vegetables and flowers, a few grafted seedlings of Chinar, Walnut and Apple fruits.
2018 year has been dedicated for installing a Hi-Tech irrigation system complete with four independent but integrated filtration, fertigation and the pumping stations. Also a big pipeline installed about 8 years ago along with a pumping station at River Indus to lift water for irrigation purposes, has activated and utilized, after a few improvements. Now we have we have 4 water storage tanks – 2 Overhead Tanks with a capacity of > 2.0 Lakh litres each and 2 Surface Water Storage Tanks with a capacity of 10 lakh litres each. These will be filled by lifting Indus water. Besides, we have 2 borewells and a 3rd one is to be drilled. This much irrigation infrastructure would be sufficient to assure optimum irrigation in an area of about 500 acres of the so far wasteland. Plantation of tens of thousand seedlings of Apple, Apricot and Sea-buckthorn starts from this November 5th, when all the 219 households would converge on the project site and plant at least 10,000 seedlings in two days. Further plantations would be undertaken from April 2019.
A big thanks to Nabard, who changed their guidelines and sanctioned a big grant to our cooperative and helped us to create this robust irrigation infrastructure, which is going to last more than 100 years.
Minimum land development, retaining natural slopes and contours are the first Mantra of this project. This saves a lot of money, does not disturb the top soil and provides the natural drainage in case of any cloudburst or unusual and heavy downpour. The latest irrigation technologies also eliminate the need for land development / land leveling.Read More
First time tried in Ladakh. Hydro-seeding has been successfully demonstrated on the foothills of mountains on two sides of our project site. In both the places, fodder seeds brought from other states, germinated well and had good luxuriant growth. After the Hon’ble CEC , EC – Agri. Of LAHDC and other officials visited the hydro-seeding plots, the areas were thrown open for the stray...Read More
Cropping plans were slightly modified in order to show quick payback and to ensure project sustainability, cash crops were given priority. Hence oilseeds – Mustard & Sunflower were chosen in the first instance. The latest Canola type Mustard variety – PM 30, which was released by IARI only last year, became our main cash crop in 2017. Breeder & Certified seeds were obtained...Read More
Breeder seed of Canola type Mustard – PM 30 variety, released by IARI, has been brought in under license and sown on more than 15 acres. The certified seed thus produced would be distributed to the local Ladakhi farmers to increase the total area under PM30 mustard variety. Similarly, the promising varieties of other crops would be selected for seed production...Read More
The soils in Ladakh are severally deficient in the organic matter, mainly due to negligible tree cover ( 0.06 % forest cover in Ladakh ) and very low human and animal population. Any small quantity of fresh cow & cattle dung takes about 12 months to fully decompose and to make suitable farm yard manure.( 7 months with minus night temperature ). A technique of...Read More
The idea is to design the appropriate irrigation system for each crop. For field crops like Mustard, wheat corn etc. RainGun, or traveler irrigation in the form of Truck tanker fitted with high pressure pumpsets and raingun type nozzles. The row crops like fruit plants, Roses, Boundary plantations have drip irrigation systems. Small sprinklers for vegetables...Read More
The sowing season starts well before the roads open towards Kashmir and Manali. Hence we were left with only two options. Go for hand broadcasting of seeds or design our own seed drill. We adopted both the options. We designed our own seed cum fertilizer drill and supplemented it with hand broadcasting of seeds...
In order to save on fencing > 6 Kms. Of peripheral boundary, we decided to opt for digging deep trenches along the boundary to stop stray animals walking and feeding on our growing crops. This step has been very successful even against the horses who could jump smaller obstacles and damage the growing crops.
Animal Husbandry plays a pivotal role in the rural economy and generates substantial income for the rural population. This is more true in case of Ladakh, a cold desert, lacking in sufficient tree cover, bio-mass generation and sandy soils with negligible organic matter. In order to accelerate the active role...
India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world after China. It accounts for about 15 per cent of the world’s production of vegetables.As per the latest estimates, by Central Institute of Post-Harvest Engineering and Technology (CIPHET), Ludhiana, the wastage of fresh horticultural...